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what is ssl

SSL- What Is It & Why Is It So Important

What is SSL? Why is it important?

SSL certificates are tiny data files that cryptographically create an encrypted link between a web server and a web browser. This link makes sure that all data files exchanged between The web browser and server remain private. When you land on a page with the form to fill in and submit the information, you enter can be intercepted by an unethical hacker on an insecure and unprotected website. This could be private and highly sensitive information that could be anything from details on a bank transaction to a personal email.

Hackers usually place a tiny, undetected listening program on the server hosting website. The program waits stealthily until a visitor starts thinking information on the website and the Listening program well automatically get activated. It will record the information and send it to the unethical hacker. But, when you use a website encrypted with SSL, the web browser will firm a direct connection with the web server, verify the SSL certificate and bind the browser and the server. This binding connection is secure to ensure that no one can access the website and the information you put in when you’re on it.

How To Know if A Website Has SSL Enabled

Some website URLs start with “http://” while some start with “https://”? That extra “s” also appears when you’re dealing with sensitive information while on a website. That extra “s” means the connection to the website is safe, secure and encrypted. Amy data she added via that website is safe. The technology behind it is what is called SSL, which stands for “Secure Sockets Layer”. As a user, you should always look for https:// when visiting any site you trust with your essential information. Of a website you should always make sure that you have an SSL for your visitors.

If you own a company that requests personal information from a user such as an email address or payment information you should have SSL certificate for your website. Having a Digital certificate also means that the details you are collecting are privatized and make sure that the customer see A padlock icon and https://, and knows that their privacy is safe. SSL certificates are characterized by the level of validation and encryption provided or the number of domains or subdomains under the certificate.

Types of SSL:

The umbrellas that SSL certificate for under are encryption and validation and domain number. Please have three classifications and can be applied for on the SSL website. Certificates are processed and given by a Certificate Authority (CA). CA is a software designed specifically for processing and granting the certificate. For encryption and validation certificates there are domain, organisation and extended validation. For certificates defined by the domain number the types are single, multi domain and wildcard.

On the basis of encryption and validation, the types of SSL certificates are:

(1) Extended Validation SSL Certificate:

This certificate shows the padlock, https, business name and business country in the address bar to diminish being mistaken for a spam website. They are the most expensive SSLs to obtain but are valuable in proving the legitimacy of the domain name from the address bar. Top set up an EV certificate, one must prove that there authorised legally to own the domain they’re submitting. This makes sure that the data being collected via the website is legal and required only for the purpose of executing certain legal actions. Examples of such actions are using credit card number for an online transaction. Also, an EV SSL certificate can be obtained by any business. Specially, businesses that need identity assurance. Example: is a website processes web payments or collects data, or should get this certificate.

(2) Organization Validated (OV SSL) Certificate:

this certificate makes sure that the organisation and domain validation are real. OV SSL certificate offer a medium level of encryption and are procured in two steps. First, the certification authority would verify who owns the domain and if the organisation is operating legally or not. On the browser, visitors would see a small green padlock with the company’s URL following. Hence, use this type of certificate if you don’t have the financial resources for an EV SSL but still want to offer a moderate level of encryption.

(3) Domain Validation Certificate (DV SSL):

This certificate offers a low level of encryption. It appears as a green padlock next to the websites URL in the address bar. This is the quickest validation a website can receive and only a few company documents are needed to apply. This verification happens when you add a DNS to the certification authority. For the Domain Verification certificate the CA will review the right of the applicant to own the domain being submitted. Unlike EV SSL, the certification authority won’t go through any identity data. Thus, a visitor wouldn’t know who is receiving the encrypted information. However, it is difficult to procure the above two certificates, a DV gets the job done.

On the basis of number of domains, the types of SSL are:

(1) Wildcard SSL Certificate:

Wildcard SSL makes sure that if a certificate for one domain is bought, the same certificate can be used for other subdomains too. For example if a wildcard is bought for instance.com, it would be applied to mail.instande.com and blog.instance.com. Thus, an option like this is affordable compared to obtaining multiple SSL certificates for a number of domains.

(2) Unified Communications (UCC) SSL Certificate/ Multi-Domain SSL:

This certificate allows multiple domain names to be on the same certificate. UCCs are created to connect communication between a single server and browser. It has since expanded to include multiple domains by the same owner. A UCC in the address bar shows a padlock to display verification. They can also be considered an EV SSL if they’re configured to show that green text, padlock, and home country. Thus, the only difference is the domain names associated with this certificate. Multi domain certificates cover up to 100 domain names.

(3) Single Domain SSL Certificate:

A Single Domain SSL protects one domain. Thus, thus certificate can’t be used to protect subdomains or a completely different domains.

SSL Certificate Provider:

Deciding on the most reliable and best SSL certificate available as a matter of consideration. A provider can give inexpensive certificate that are unknown or inexpensive certificates that are reliable just like the expensive ones. An SSL provider should be providing a level of service that is trustworthy and reliable. Moreover, some service providers can be hyping up all the service and turn out to be incompetent and inefficient. Some providers offer different site security badges, warranties, authentication options, and other great features that can have tremendous positive impacts on the conversion rates of your site.

Web hosting providers, also offer SSL services. Some can offer it for paid, meanwhile, others can offer it for free. Check out the top ten web hosting service providers in India: CLICK HERE

To find out about top 10 SSL providers, you can check out this website: CLICK HERE

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